Colostomy and ileostomy
If a part of the digestive system is diseased or damaged so badly that it must be removed, surgeons sometimes must create a new way for waste to travel out of the body. They do this by making a new opening in the patient’s abdomen, through which waste leaves the body, then connecting the remaining part of the digestive system to the opening.
When surgeons connect the colon to the new opening, the procedure is called a colostomy. When they connect the ileum (bottom of the small intestine) to the opening, the procedure is known as an ileostomy.
Typically, the waste will travel through the opening into a bag or pouch connected to the body.
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